The Doric temple of Aphaea, on the island of Aegina, dates back to the late 6th/early 5th century bce. But the site itself has been used as a site of worship as far back as the age of the Kaptarians (“Minoans”), with temple built over temple in succession through time. Aphaea was exclusively worshipped here, and nearly all the figurines (kourotrophoi) found at the site dating back to the Bronze Age are female.

“Minoan”, as it were, is perhaps one of the greatest misnomers of all ancient historiography. It’s Sir Arthur Evan’s label for a peoples known to the “Egyptians” (another misnomer) as the kftw (Kaftiu), and mentioned in the Hebrew Testament as the Kapthor. In Mari texts, they’re refered to as Kaptara, and the Akkadians referred to them as Kabturi. All stressed the accent on the first syllable.

So why anyone continues to refer to them as Minoans is beyond me. At any rate, the “Minoans” may have ties to this site, and I highly recommended anyone reading this to visit her one day! I was there in 2016, and plan to return one day.. for those interested, I’ve written about the possible origins of the fluted column design used in Doric architecture here: The Possible Egyptian Origins of Fluted Doric Columns